Çorum ilinin ingilizce tanıtımı
Çorum ilinin ingilizce tanıtımı
Çorum is the capital of Çorum Province inland from the Black Sea coast in central Turkey. Çorum is located at 244 km (152 mi) from Ankara and 608 km (378 mi) from Istanbul. It has a population of 178,500 (2004), and the elevation is 820 m.
Çorum is known for its leblebi (dried chick-peas), and for the valuable Hittite archaeology that has been found in the province.
Çorum is a province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast.
With important archaeological sites going back 5,000 years and a unique natural beauty, Çorum is attractive to visitors.
Geography and climate
Çorum is on a high plateau with a typical inland climate of hot, dry summers (although even summer evenings are chilly) and cold, snowy winters, with light rain in spring and autumn. There is attractive mountainous countryside around the city. The north Anatolian fault line passes 20 km (12 mi) south of Çorum.
The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns.
Hattusa was the capital of Hittite empire. Hittites were one of the oldest civilizations of the world. The first known peace treaty was signed by the Hittites and ancient Egypt on tablets. There is evidence that area has been occupied since 3000 BC and there are a number of important Hittite sites in the province. A Hittite Congress of archaeologists is held in Çorum every three years.
Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.
In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite site include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.
Then came the other civilizations: Phrygians, who left remains at Pazarlı, north of Çorum;
Then Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmend Turks, Mongols, Ertena, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire. As well as the Hittite archaeology the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
Besides agricultural activities Çorum has flour and feed mills, brick and tile factories, and some light engineering, as well as traditional crafts such as copperware and hand-weaving. Although for a small city this amount of industry is impressive, Çorum is still underdeveloped.
The town is tidy and pleasant although it does have a problem with air pollution. There is a good range of shops, cafes and restaurants; the cuisine includes a variety of pastries including mantı, a type of ravioli baked in the oven or steamed in a beef-broth. People in this part of Turkey (both in central Anatolia and along the Black Sea coast) are religious and conservative so night life is never going to be swinging but there are bars and cafés playing Turkish folk music. However conservative the city appears the people of Çorum are renowned in Turkey for the foulness of their speech, their fluent and inventive use of swearing.
Places of interest
As well as all the Hittite sites the countryside surrounding Çorum offers many places to escape for picnics, particularly near the Çomar reservoir or in the mountains around the province.
The city itself contains:
* a 19th century clock tower.
* Çorum Museum – displays a range of artefacts from the Hittite and other civilisations, from excavations in the region. Housed in an attractive Ottoman period building.
* Mahmut Atalay – World champion and Olympic medalist in sports wrestling
* Cevdet Cerit – professor of mathematics at Istanbul Technical University
* Tevfik Kış – World champion and Olympic medalist in sports wrestling