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Kahramanmaraş ilinin ingilizce tanıtımı

Kahramanmaraş ilinin ingilizce tanıtımı
Kahramanmaraş (or simply Maraş) is a province of Turkey. Its provincial capital is Kahramanmaraş city, the traffic code is 46.

Districts
Kahramanmaraş province is divided into 10 districts:

* Afşin
* Andırın
* Çağlayancerit
* Ekinözü
* Elbistan
* Göksun
* Kahramanmaraş
* Nurhak
* Pazarcık
* Türkoğlu

History
Kahramanmaraş was known historically as Maraş and was a settlement since pre-historic times.

The city received to title of Kahraman (Heroic) from the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) for the heroic struggle by the local civilian population against the occupying English and then French armed forces after the First World War (see Sütçü İmam Incident [1]). It was one of the first “free” towns after World War I.

Economy
Maraş has historically been famous for its gold. The textile industry is relatively new and mostly machinated.

Education
The Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University is a recently founded university supplying social, language and technical sciences as well as medical education.

Cuisine
The province’s most famous culinary speciality is the ice cream, “Maraş ice cream”, available in specialist ice cream shops throughout Turkey and the world such as MADO and Yasar Pastanesi and on tourist sites. The ice cream has an elastic consistency and is served with knife and fork, often accompanied by a slice of baklava. It melts in your mouth while you chew it, similar to bubble gum.

Maraş red peppers are also well known for its aroma, Vitamin C content, and moderate hotness. Maraş pepper is different from far-east chilies as dried with support of Scientific Investigations and Universities in MUSAN which contains no aflatoxin and no diseases.

Kahramanmaraş
Kahramanmaraş is the capital city of Kahramanmaraş Province in southeastern Turkey. The city lies on a plain at the foot of the Taurus Mountains and has a population of 326,198 as of 2000. The region is best known for its production of salep, a flour made from dried orchid tubers, and its distinctive ice cream.

History
Kahramanmaraş was founded as a Hittite city-state ca. 1000 BC. Later, the city was called Germanicia Caesarea in the time of the Roman and Byzantine empires.

Prior to 1973, Kahranmanmaras was known as Maraş or Marash. It gained its modern name on October 7, 1973 when the Grand National Assembly of Turkey added “Kahraman” to the name. The addition of “Kahraman” (“hero” in Turkish) was in commemoration of the victory against the French Armenian Legion during the Battle of Maraş in the Turkish War of Independence. After the war, Maraş also received the Turkish Medal of Independence, given to the city as a whole for such actions as the Sütçü İmam Incident.

In December 1978, Kahramanmaraş was the site of a massacre of leftist Alevis. An ultra-nationalist group, the Grey Wolves, incited the violence that left over 100 dead. The incident was of key importance in the Turkish government’s decision to declare martial law, and the eventual military coup in 1980.

Industry
Kahramanmaraş’s industry is mainly based on textile and ice cream. Kahramanmaraş is one of the biggest textile industry cities of Turkey. Companies like Kipaş, İskur, Arsan and Bozkurt are one of the richest companies in the city. Also, many of the American clothing companies like Aéropostale and American Eagle are supplying their yarns from Kahramanmaraş.

Some of the internationally-known ice-cream companies like Mado, Yaşar Pastanesi, EDO and Ferah Pastanesi started their business in this ice-cream city and thousands of people visit Kahramanmaraş, just because of its ice-cream (dondurma in Turkish).

The town was (and may still be) the home town of the 172nd Armoured Brigade of the Turkish Second Army.

Sports
The city has a local football team called; Kahramanmaraşspor which is currently in Turkish 2nd Division Category B Group 5. Kahramanmaraşspor plays its home games in Hanefi Mahçiçek Stadium. Some famous Turkish players like Mehmet Özdilek and Kemalettin Şentürk played in Kahramanmaraşspor before transferring to bigger clubs.

Notable natives
Şeref Eroğlu – European and World champion, Olympic medalist wrestler
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